Elementi Islamici nella traduzione Araba della “Vasca del Nettare” [1]

(I riferimenti contrassegnati in grassetto con la lettera b si trovano solo nell’ultima recensione)

 

Riferimenti Coranici

“Lo Spirito procede dall'ordine del mio Signore” (Corano, 17:85)                                             Int.3

“un’anima sola” (Corano, 4:1, ecc...)                                                                                           I.3

“vicino al Loto del limite” (Corano, 53:14)                                                                                 III.1

“Moschea remota” (Corano, 17:1)                                                                                            III.1

“E i compagni della destra” (Corano, 56:27, ecc…)                                                                   III.3

“E i compagni della sinistra” (Corano, 56:41)                                                                             III.3

“lato destro della Valle” (Corano, 28:30)                                                                                   III.4

“Allah fa quel che vuole” (Corano, 3:40)                                                                                IV.8(b)

“Allah comanda quello che vuole” (Corano, 5:1)                                                                    IV.8(b)

 

Detti del Profeta Muhammad (hadith)

“Chi conosce se stesso conosce il suo Signore”                                                                           I.3

“I cuori dei figli di Adamo si trovano tra le due dita del Misericordioso.”                                III.1-2

 

Legge Islamica e teologia

obbligatorio (mafruda)                                                                                                             IV.3

il più grande Nome di Dio                                                                                         IV.4(b), VII.2

nomi di Dio                                                                                                                            VII.1

invocazione (du`a)                                                                                                                 IX.10

formula incantatoria (`azima)                                                                                                  IX.10

 

Frasi pie

        Lodi a Dio e al Profeta                                                                                                 Int.1, X.11

La misericordia di Dio su di Lui                                                                                               Int.4

Il più debole dei servitori di Dio è il più alto                                                                             Int.5

Ciò che Dio vuole                                                                                                       Int.6, VII.12

Il creatore (la sua maestà possa essere esaltata)                                                                          I.2

Il creatore (non c’è divinità eccetto Lui)                                                                                      I.2

Dio che è grande e possente                                                                                             II.5, IV.4

Le benedizioni di Dio sui Santi e sui Profeti                                                                               III.4

Le benedizioni di Dio sui Sufi                                                                                                III.4(b)

Dio ne sa di più                                                                                   IV.9(b), VII.15(b), VIII.5(b)

Per ordine di Dio                                                                                                                      VI.1

Mi rifugio in Dio da Satana il Malvagio                                                                         III.3, VI.4(b)

La conoscenza o il potere viene da Dio                                                                                    VII.6

 

Termini cosmologici Islamici

Trono                                                                                                                                         I.2

Volta del cielo                                                                                                                            I.2

ginn                                                                                                               IV.7, VII.6-8, VII.11

angelo                                                                                        Int.10.4, III.3, IV.6, VII.6, VII.11

diavolo                                                                                                                     Int.10, III.2-3

spirito                                                                       I.3, IV.8, VI.3, VI.5, VII.11, IX.1, IX.9, X.4

mondo ignoto                                                                 Int.3, II.5, IV.5, V.4, VII.3, VII.6, VII.14

acqua di vita                                                                                                 Int.14, II.7, V.4, VI.5

 

Termini filosofici e concetti [2]

contrari (diddan)                                                                                                            III.4, V.2, X.2

creatore (bari)                                                                                                                           I.2, I.3

quattro qualità (caldo, freddo, umido, asciutto)                                                                   VI.2-3, X.2

quattro umori                                                                                                                       VI.1, VI.3

cinque elementi                                                                                                                      II.2, VI.1

moderazione (al-amr al-awsat)                                                                                           IV.1, VIII.1

anima razionale (al-nafs al-natiqa)                                                        Int.13, I.3, IV.1, V.2, VI.2, X.4

intelletto universale (`aql al-kull)                                                                                                 I.2, I.3

omne animalis post coitum triste                                                                                                    VI.4

 

Termini Sufi

Conoscenza della verità (maa`rifat al-haqiqa)                                                                         Int.5

discepolo (murid)                                                                                                         Int.6, III.4

annichilito (mumahhaq)                                                                                                          Int.8

stato spirituale (hal)                                                                                                    II.5, IV.8(b)

costellazioni del cuore                                                                                                            III.1

svelamento (mukashafa)                                                                                                         III.4

disciplina (riyada)                                                                                                                   III.4

lottare contro le difficoltà (mujahada)                                                                                      III.4

stazione (maqam)                                                                                                          III.4, IV.8

piccolo cibo, piccolo discorso, piccolo sonno                                                                         IV.4

percorso (tariq)                                                                                                                  IV.8(b)

“gusto” o fare l'esperienza (dhawq)                                                                                          V.4

ricordo o canto liturgico (dhikr)                                                                                     V.4, VII.2

pratica meditativa (ishtighal)                                                                                                    IX.2

 

[1] Ai riferimenti corrisponde un capitolo e una sezione del testo. I riferimenti contrassegnati da (b) indicano i manoscritti dell'ultima recensione Araba.

[2] Dovrebbe essere aggiunto che gli estratti di due testi filosofici sono contenuti nella versione Araba della “Vasca del Nettare”: una frammentaria versione Araba del testo gnostico “L’Inno della Perla” (Int.7-8, 13-14, X.11), e una traduzione Araba della sezione centrale dell’allegoria Persiana il “Trattato sulla realtà dell’amore” di Suhrawardi, (Int.9-12). Ci sono anche citazioni della versione Araba delle “Epistole dei Fratelli della Purezza” (I.2, VI.2).